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Taming the ‘green-eyed monster’ at work

我该留下还是走? 与那些想要在工作中表现出色的员工相比,心怀嫉妒、努力寻求合作的员工更容易缺席或辞职, 发现了一项新研究 Jochen孟博士 全球十大赌博靠谱平台贾奇商学院.

Taming the ‘green-eyed monster’ at work.

Envy toward colleagues is a common element of 工作场所s, but how do envious workers decide a key question: should I stay or should I go? 一项刚刚发表的研究发现,这可能取决于员工是争取合作(更有可能离职)还是争取成就(更有可能留下来). 该研究警告称,“月度最佳员工”或其他竞争性奖励可能会引发嫉妒和辞职.

这项研究 发表在《 组织行为学杂志 finds that for co-operation-striving employees, envy is associated with more 工作场所 absences and increased turnover, 但研究表明,对于追求成就的员工来说,嫉妒与更少的缺勤和辞职有关.

寻求“交流”(本研究将其定义为与他人发展合作关系的动机)的员工希望与他人相处, 而追求成就的人想把事情做得更好,渴望掌握和卓越.

Focus on ‘avoidance-oriented’ behaviour rather than ‘pulling down’ work colleagues

这项研究 provides a fresh and nuanced understanding of envy and behaviour. 大多数学术研究都集中在嫉妒的员工如何通过“拉下”被嫉妒的人或“拉上”自己,或所谓的“方法导向”行为,来缩小自己和被嫉妒的同事之间的差距. 相反,这项新研究关注的是如何通过“逃避导向型”行为(如辞职)来逃避嫉妒.

“在组织生活, avoidance behaviours include skipping work; this initial, 暂时退出往往会恶化,以致最终以周转的形式出现逃避, with employees permanently leaving their place of employment,研究表明. “These actions do not involve reducing the gap between the self and envied others, 而是需要完全摆脱嫉妒(同事和工作场所)的诱因.”

除了, the new study challenges previous findings that feeling close to envied colleagues buffers feelings of envy and thus mitigates undermining behaviour toward them; the new 研究 instead demonstrates that “a communal orientation can exacerbate avoidance-oriented behaviours”. The authors say this surprising finding represents a “problematic response to envy”.

对工作场所管理者的影响

Jochen孟.
Jochen孟博士

“There are clear management implications for these findings,合著者约亨·门格斯说, 苏黎世大学教授,全球十大赌博靠谱平台贾奇商学院组织行为学副教授.

“在工作场所和社交场合,嫉妒通常会带来有害的后果, 全球十大赌博靠谱平台的研究确实发现,对一些人来说,嫉妒与更多的职场退缩有关. 但该研究也表明,在追求成就的员工中,嫉妒与缺勤和离职率的降低有关, 或者那些想要在工作上出类拔萃的人, 这应该是管理者在处理嫉妒的复杂本质时要考虑的一个重要因素.”

具体地说, 该研究称,管理者应该批判性地思考那些产生社会比较过程的做法,比如“月度最佳员工”奖, because they may “become a source of envy, 特别是如果它们是高度公开的, 个人主义, or come with additional rewards like a monetary bonus”. 那些在工作中寻求交流的人可能会退出,如果这样的认可荣誉会引发嫉妒,危及他们的关系.

“这些发现对疫情过后工作场所的社会动态变化具有启示意义,约亨·门格斯评论道. “If collaboration becomes more important, 然后,嫉妒风险的触发将最适合合作努力的员工——那些努力在工作中交流的员工——赶走.”

这项研究的对象是印尼高端超市的员工,这些超市为员工提供了一种竞争氛围,以取悦他们的富裕顾客. 这些发现来自于对23家商店147个团队(从收银员到屠夫)的676名商店员工的完整调查, along with Human 资源 Department information on absenteeism and voluntary turnover.

“The concept of envy has captured the attention of philosophers, 宗教团体领袖, 以及整个社会, and it will continue to be pertinent to organisational life as the nature of work evolves,作者总结道.

约亨·门格斯博士的研究经常围绕着工作场所的欢乐和挑战,包括, 就像在嫉妒研究中一样, the role of emotions and motivation in organisational life.

A study co-authored by Jochen late last year, “远程工作心态预测家庭办公室的情绪和生产力:COVID-19大流行期间知识工作者的纵向研究”, examined the timely subject of remote work, 这表明,远离办公室工作的好处往往取决于相关人员的心态:一个人对远程工作是否持有“固定心态”,会影响到他们是否在过渡到远离固定工作场所工作时感到挣扎.

Jochen’s work also looks in depth about relations between co-workers, and the role of leadership in organisations. 去年发表的另一项研究, “员工在工作场所对主动和主动建议的反应:使用建议的启示, 学习, 和性能”, 研究发现,在工作场所,人们对主动提出的建议反应消极,不管他们是否与建议提供者是朋友,或者两人是否属于同一个社交圈, a result that Jochen and his co-authors found surprising.

The ‘monster’ of envy affects people differently based on their goals

这项新的嫉妒研究旨在阐明此前其他网上赌搏网站十大排行嫉妒的研究中相互矛盾的发现, and to offer new 洞察力 on avoidance-oriented behaviour.

全球十大赌博靠谱平台的研究表明,嫉妒是工作场所中为交流而奋斗的人的‘嫉妒魔鬼’, who respond to envy with more absenteeism and ultimately turnover. The monster seems less banishing f或者那些想要在工作上出类拔萃的人, 全球十大赌博靠谱平台的研究结果表明,成就奋斗者在遭遇嫉妒时不太可能做出回避行为. 与此形成鲜明对比的是, status striving does not moderate the relationship between envy and avoidance behaviours. If our 研究 has one overriding message, it is thus that envy affects people differently depending on the goals for which they strive.”

这个研究 组织行为学杂志 ——《 “我该留还是该走? 个人努力在工作中嫉妒和回避行为之间关系形成中的作用" -是由丹妮尔V. Tussing of the University of Buffalo School of Management; Andreas Wihler of the University of Exeter Business School; Timothy V. Astandu of Populix, a consumer 洞察力s platform in Indonesia; and Jochen孟博士 他是苏黎世大学工商管理系和剑桥佳奇商学院的教授.